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Religion in the 1950s

Page history last edited by Grace 10 years, 2 months ago

A3 1950s Rokicki or Rokicki 2010


By: Grace


In 1953, the distribution of Bibles in public schools was deemed unconstitutional by the New Jersey Supreme Court (Rose 498). President and Mrs. Eisenhower joined the National Presbyterian Church in Washington D. C. (he became the first president to join a church while in office) (Rose 498). In an American Mercury article, the clergy was charged by Dr. J. B. S. Mathews as being the “largest single group supporting Communist apparatus in U.S. today” (Rose 498). In 1955 Evangelist Billy Graham held a number of revivals in France and Great Britain (Rose 498). In 1958, a constitutional amendment was proposed mandating reading the Bible in public schools to try to stop juvenile delinquency in Michigan (Rose 498). In 1959, the New York Supreme Court held that morning prayers in public schools would be allowed but would be non-denominational and not mandatory (Rose 499). Also in 1959, many Protestant churches publicized that they were for using birth-control as part of family planning (Rose 499). In a press conference, President Eisenhower said that a Roman Catholic could be elected president (important because John F. Kennedy, the first Roman Catholic President, would soon be elected into office) (Rose 499).


Billy Graham 1957

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National Presbyterian Church (the church President Eisenhower joined while in office)


Martin Luther King, Jr.

In 1957, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his famous speech “Love Your Enemies,” reminding people that Christ said to love your enemies, advising that love is not destructive and that love can fix problems and resolve differences, this idea set the standard for how he conducted himself and how he led others in the Civil Rights Movement (Rose 515).


Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., a Baptist Minister



The book Islam: The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims was published in 1958 (Rose 533). It was written by Mohammad Rasjidi so that Americans would better be able to understand Islam (Rose 533). During the 50s, the Muslim population in America was beginning to grow, and so it was important for accurate information to be available for interested, non-Muslim readers about the nature and history of Islam (Rose 534).


The Central Conference of American Rabbis issued their “Resolutions Adopted by the Central Conference of American Rabbis on Religious and Social Freedoms” in the 1950s (Rose 511). These Resolutions included a list of Freedoms including “Freedom, Political” which was decidedly not in favor of the tactics employed by McCarthy and others in order to rid America of Communism and stated that “Our counter-intelligence agencies can cope with the internal threat of Communist spies and saboteurs and our national good sense can defeat the false doctrines of totalitarianism before they become a clear and present danger to our way of life” (Rose 513-4).





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